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BBC六分钟词汇基础篇01: 后缀:-ee, -able, -ible, -ness

kira86 于2020-07-09发布
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本期BBC六分钟单词将学习构词的一个非常重要的知识——后缀。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

Suffixes: -ee, -able, -ible, -ness

后缀:-ee, -able, -ible, -ness

Finn: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary. I'm Finn...

资配易大家好,欢迎来到6分钟单词。我是Finn…

资配易Alice: And I'm Alice. Today we're looking at a very important part of word building - suffixes.

我是Alice. 今天我们来学习单词构建的一个非常重要的部分——后缀。

Finn: Suffixes. We'll look at what they are, what they mean and how to use them.

资配易我们来看看有哪些后缀以及它们各自的含义和用法。

Alice: There'll be a quiz...

会有一个小测验哦……

Finn: And we'll leave you with a top tip for learning vocabulary.

我们还会教给大家一个学习单词的最佳技巧。

资配易Alice: So: to start off, we're going to listen to Andrea and Steve who work in a bank. They have just interviewed two people who want to work there.

首先,我们来听一下在银行工作的Andrea和Steve怎么说。它们刚刚结束两名应聘者的面试工作。

资配易Finn: And here's a question to think about while you listen: who did Andrea and Steve like best - the first person or the second person?

资配易听的同时要思考一个问题:Andrea和Steve最喜欢哪位面试者呢——是第一位还是第二位?

Alice: Who did they like best? Let's find out.

资配易它们会最青睐谁呢?我们一起来找出答案。

资配易Andrea: What do you think then Steve?

那么Steve,你怎么看呢?

Steve: Well, the first one was very excitable: he kept laughing and speaking fast.

好的,第一位面试者很兴奋:他一直在笑,说话语速也很快。

Andrea: Perhaps it was just nervousness, but there's no room for that in this business.

资配易他可能只是紧张而已,但我们可不需要这样的人。

Steve: No. Now I thought the second interviewee seemed a bit more responsible.

谁说不是呢。我认为第二位面试者看上去更有责任感。

Andrea: Yes, she did - very important when dealing with money. And she was polite.

没错,确实如此——这对于银行工作者很重要。而且她很有礼貌。

Steve: Politeness is essential in this job.

礼貌也是这份工作的要求。

资配易Andrea: Absolutely. Well, I think we both know which one is more employable.

毋庸置疑。好的,我想我们已经都知道更应该录取哪一位了吧。

Finn: So, that's Steve and Andrea. And we asked you: who did they like best?

资配易这就是Andrea和Steve的对话。问题来了:他们最喜欢哪一位面试者?

Alice: And the answer is: they definitely liked the second person best. The second one was polite and responsible. The first one was a bit too excitable.

资配易答案是:他们肯定更青睐第二位面试者,因为她有礼貌并且富有责任心,而第一位太浮躁了。

Finn: That's right, and excitable is a key word in the show today because it ends in a suffix.

没错。Excitable这个词是今天节目的一个关键词,因为它以后缀结尾。

Alice: Now in the world of vocabulary, a suffix is a group of letters that you can add to the end of a word to change its form, or meaning, or both.

在词汇的世界里,后缀是一组字母,你可以把它们加到一个单词的末尾,以改变它的形式或意义,或者两者兼有。

资配易Finn: For example, the word excitable has the suffix -able, spelt a-b-l-e. -able makes verbs into adjectives, and we use -able words to say that a subject can do something - is able to do something - or they behave in a particular way.

例如,单词excitable的后缀是-able,拼写为a-b-l-e。后缀-able把动词变成了形容词,我们用-able来表示主语能做某事-可以做某事-或者它们以某种特定的方式做某事。

Alice: So if we take the verb excite, add the suffix -able, we can say that the first interviewee was excitable, meaning: he can get very excited.

所以,如果我们在excite这个词后面加上后缀-able,就能用于表示第一位面试者的兴奋,意思就是:他变得很兴奋。

Finn: And the second one was responsible, that's responsible with -ible, spelt 'i-b-l-e'. She can be trusted to do the right thing. And that's why she was more employable, now that's -able with an a again.

资配易而第二位面试者很有责任心,responsible带的后缀为-ible,拼写为i-b-l-e. 事情交给她做可以放心,所以她更有可能受聘。-able这个后缀又出现了。

Now for another suffix. Andrea and Steve talked about two interviewees. The suffix -ee, spelt e-e, makes a noun which means 'the person who receives an action'.

现在我们看另一个后缀。Andrea和 Steve谈论的是两名面试者。Interviewees的后缀-ee,拼写为e-e,构成一个名词,意思是“接受行动的人”。

Alice: For example, if you add -ee to interview, you get the person who receives an interview, an interviewee.

例如,如果把-ee加到interview后面,就表示接受面试的人,即面试者。

You're listening to BBC Learning English dot com.

资配易您正在收听的是BBC英语学习频道。

Finn: And we're talking about suffixes. Our final suffix for today is -ness, spelt n-e-s-s. Adding -ness to an adjective makes a noun.

我们正在学习后缀。今天要学的最后一个后缀是-ness,拼写为n-e-s-s. 形容词后添加-ness就变为名词。

资配易Alice: That's right, and interviewee number one suffered from nervousness - the noun form of nervous.

没错,第一位面试者太紧张了——这是“紧张的”名词形式。

资配易Finn: But number two understood the importance of politeness - the noun form of polite. Is politeness important to you Alice?

然而第二位面试者很明白礼貌的重要性——“有礼貌的”名词形式。艾丽斯,礼貌对你来说重要吗?

Alice: Oh yes Finn, politeness is very important to me.

噢,是的,Finn,礼貌对我而言很重要的。

Finn: I think you're very polite. Now let's listen to today's suffixes and words again.

我认为你很有礼貌。接下来我们再听一遍今天学的后缀和单词吧。

Alice: The first one was: -able with an a. a-b-l-e.

资配易第一个是:-able,a-b-l-e.

Finn: excitable, employable

兴奋的,称职的。

资配易Alice: -ible with an i. i-b-l-e.

资配易-ible有一个i,i-b-l-e.

资配易Finn: responsible

负责任的

资配易Alice: -ee: e-e

资配易-ee,拼写为e-e.

Finn: interviewee

面试者

Alice: -ness: n-e-s-s

-ness,n-e-s-s.

Finn: nervousness, politeness

紧张,礼貌

Alice: And it's time for a quiz. Choose the correct suffix to complete the final words in these 2 sentences. Ready?

是时候做个小测验了。选择正确的后缀来完成这两句话的最后一个单词。准备好了吗?

资配易Number 1.The most important thing to me is my family's... a) happy-ee b) happy-able, c) happiness.

资配易第一题。对我最重要的是家庭的……

资配易Finn: This one is the noun form of happy, so it's c) happiness.

这是“幸福的”名词形式,所以选C: happiness幸福.

资配易Alice: Number 2. I'm learning how to do this job. I'm a a) trainee b) trainable, c) train-ness.

第二题:我正在学着做这份工作,我是一名……

资配易Finn: You are receiving training, so you're a trainee.

表示正在接受培训,所以是实习生trainee。

Alice: Well done if you got those right.

如果你都选对了,给你点个赞。

Finn: And that brings us almost to the end of today's programme.

资配易我们今天的节目就快结束了。

资配易Alice: But before we go, here's today's top tip for learning vocabulary: if you use an online dictionary, type a hyphen or a dash into the search box, and then type in any of today's suffixes. The dictionary will give you a list of words that end with your suffix.

资配易结束之前,先教大家一个最佳单词学习窍门:如果你用的是线上词典,在搜索框里输入连字符或者破折号,然后输入今天学到的任意后缀。词典就会返回所有相关的单词列表。

Finn: You know, that's a really good tip: I think I might try that. There's more about this at BBC learning English dot com. Join us again for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.

这真的是一个很不错的技巧:我觉得我会去试试。更多信息请访问BBC英语学习网站。欢迎继续收听我们的6分钟词汇节目。

资配易Both: Goodbye!

再见!

Vocabulary points to take away

课后知识点

资配易-ee: Creates a noun meaning 'person who receives an action'.

资配易-ee 构成名词,表示“接受某个动作的人”。

Example words: interviewee, trainee, employee, refugee, absentee

资配易面试者,实习生,雇员,难民,缺席者

Example sentence: My company has six thousand employees.

我公司有六千名员工。

-able: Creates an adjective meaning that the subject can do something OR that something can be done to it.

-able 构成形容词,表示主语能做某事或者某事能被完成。

Example words: excitable, employable, pleasurable, enjoyable, loveable, readable, breakable, moveable

资配易易兴奋的,可雇佣的,快乐的,愉快的,可爱的,可读的,易碎的,可移动的。

Example sentence: I didn't like his last book - it wasn't very readable.

我不喜欢他最后那本书——没什么可读性。

资配易-ible: A different spelling of -able.

-ible 是 –able的另一种不同的拼写形式。

Example words: responsible, visible, horrible, terrible

资配易负责任的,可视的,可怕的,糟糕的

Example sentence: Stars are only visible at night.

资配易星星只有在晚上才能看得见。

-ness:Creates a noun which describes a quality or state.

资配易-ness 构成名词,描述质量或状态。

资配易Example words: happiness, nervousness, politeness, sadness, sickness, kindness, meaninglessness

快乐,紧张,礼貌,悲伤,疾病,仁慈,无意义

资配易Example sentence: He missed two days of work because of sickness.

他因病缺岗两天。

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