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BBC六分钟词汇基础篇02: 形容词和副词的区别

kira86 于2020-07-10发布
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本期六分钟单词节目,将听听别人关于在社交场合穿着的谈话…然后我们来学两个很重要的单词词性:形容词和副词的区别。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

Adjectives and adverbs

形容词和副词

Finn: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary - the show that teaches you how to study vocabulary. I'm Finn...

资配易大家好,欢迎来到6分钟单词——一档教您如何学单词的节目。我是Finn.

Alice: And I'm Alice. Hello. Today's show is all about fashion.

我是Alice,大家好。今天的节目全和时尚有关。

Finn: Ahh, fashion. What to wear...

资配易啊,时尚。穿什么……

Alice: And what not to wear. And today we're going to listen to some people talking about what to wear to a social occasion...

还有别穿什么。今天我们来听听别人关于在社交场合穿着的谈话…

资配易Finn: And we'll look at a very important area of vocabulary: the difference between adjectives and adverbs.

然后我们来学两个很重要的单词词性:形容词和副词的区别。

Alice: We'll have a quiz to test what we've learnt...

稍后会有测试回顾学习哦……

资配易Finn: And we'll give you a top tip to help you learn more vocabulary.

资配易我们也会给出一个最佳的学习窍门教大家学到更多的词汇。

资配易Alice: So let's get started - with a conversation. Mike and Sarah are getting ready to go to a party, but they have very different ideas about what Mike should wear.

那我们就先听一段对话吧。Mike和Sarah准备去参加一个聚会,但两人对于Mike该穿什么没有达成一致。

Finn: While you listen, try to answer this question. What does Mike wear to the party?

听的过程中,试着回答这个问题:Mike穿了什么衣服去聚会?

Alice: Let's find out.

我们一起来找答案吧。

资配易Sarah: You're not seriously going to the party dressed like that! You'll be the most scruffily-dressed man there.

资配易你真的要穿成那样去聚会!那你到时肯定是全场最邋遢的人。

资配易Mike: The invitation said casual, so I'm dressing casually: jeans and a T-shirt. What's wrong with that?

资配易请贴上说了随意一点,所以我就穿得休闲一点:牛仔裤和T恤。有什么问题吗?

Sarah: It's too scruffy: the invitation said smart-casual. You need to wear something much smarter, Mike.

资配易太邋遢了:请贴上写的是休闲时尚。你得穿得更时尚一点啊,Mike。

资配易Mike: What, a suit?

那穿什么?西装吗?

Sarah: No, that's too formal - it's not a job interview. Just wear a nice fashionable shirt.

不,那样太正式了——又不是去参加工作面试。穿一件漂亮时髦的衬衫就好了。

Mike: But I hate fashion. I can't dress fashionably. I'm the most unfashionable person I know.

但我讨厌时尚。我做不到穿着时髦。我是我所知的最不时髦的人。

Sarah: Well, you'll be the only one in a T-shirt.

好吧,到时肯定只有你这么穿。

Mike: OK, you win. I'll wear my black shirt and the smart shoes. But I'm still wearing my jeans.

好吧,听你的。我穿我的黑色衬衫和休闲鞋,但我还是要穿牛仔裤。

资配易Sarah: If you must.

悉听尊便。

资配易Finn: So, did you hear what Mike wore to the party in the end?

资配易大家听出来Mike最后穿什么去赴会了吗?

Alice: He wore a black shirt, jeans, and his smart shoes.

资配易他穿了一件黑色衬衣,牛仔裤和休闲鞋。

资配易Finn: Well done if you got that right. Now, let's take a closer look at some of the fashion-related vocabulary we heard there - starting with some of the adjectives.

如果你也说对了,那你很棒哦。现在我们来看看刚刚听到的一些与时尚相关的词汇吧——从形容词开始吧。

资配易Alice: Yes and of course adjectives are words which describe nouns, and there were lots of adjectives describing people and their clothes. Sarah thinks Mike is scruffy.

好的。形容词用于修饰名词,有很多描述人及其穿着的形容词。Sarah觉得Mike很邋遢。

Finn: Which means not neat or clean.

意思是不干净或不整洁。

Alice: But Mike wants to be casual.

资配易但是Mike想要随意一点。

资配易Finn: Informal and comfortable.

非正式且舒适的。

Alice: She thinks he should be smart.

资配易她觉得他应该休闲一些。

资配易Finn: Nice and stylish.

漂亮有型的。

资配易Alice: But not too formal.

但又不能太正式。

Finn: Old-fashioned and serious.

老式庄重的。

Alice: And she wants him to wear something fashionable.

她还想让他穿一些时髦的衣服。

Finn: New and stylish.

新式时髦的。

资配易Alice: Now, we can change these words into adverbs - words that describe verbs. And Mike and Sarah used lots of adverbs to describe the way people dress. We heard: scruffily, casually, smartly, formally and fashionably.

现在,我们可以把这些词转换成副词——用来修饰动词的词。Mike和Sarah用了很多副词描述人们的穿着方式。我们听到的有:邋遢地,随意地,漂亮地,正式地和时髦地。

Finn: And because they are adverbs, they all end in the letters 'l-y'. Here are some clips from the conversation. Listen out for adverbs which describe the verb dress.

因为是副词,所以它们都以’l-y’结尾。以下是对话的节选,听并找出修饰动词的副词。

You'll be the most scruffily-dressed man there.

你到时肯定是全场最邋遢的人。

资配易So I'm dressing casually. Jeans and a T-shirt.

所以我穿得很随意,牛仔裤和T恤。

资配易I can't dress fashionably.

我不会时髦打扮。

资配易You're listening to bbclearningenglish.com.

资配易你正在收听的是BBC英语学习频道。

Alice: And coming up soon is our vocabulary quiz: but first, let's have a quick recap of today's fashion-related vocabulary.

小测验来了:但首先我们快速回顾以下今天学到的时尚相关的词汇。

Finn: First we had some adjectives.

我们首先听到的是一些形容词。

Alice: Scruffy, casual, smart, formal, fashionable.

资配易邋遢的,随意的,漂亮的,正式的,时髦的。

资配易Finn: And then we looked at some adverbs.

我们再来看一些副词。

Alice: Scruffily, casually, smartly, formally, fashionably.

邋遢地,随意地,漂亮地,正式地,时髦地。

Finn: And now: it's quiz time. All you have to do is finish the sentences with words from today's programme. There are two sentences, each with three choices. So, are we ready?

资配易现在来测试吧。你所要做的就是用今天节目中的单词来完成句子。有两个句子,每个句子有三个选择。那么,我们准备好了吗?

Number 1: Everyone is wearing tight jeans this year - they are really: a) fashion b) fashionable c) fashionably.

资配易第一题:今年大家都穿紧身牛仔裤——他们真是……

Alice: The answer is: b) fashionable.

资配易答案是b:fashionable.

Finn: That's right. Now, question 2. I had a job interview yesterday, so I dressed very: a) formally b) scruffy c) formal.

资配易对了。现在看第二题。我昨天面试了一份工作,所以我穿得很……

Alice: It's: a) formally.

选a:formally.

资配易Finn: That's right.

正确。

Alice: I hope you got that at home. And that brings us to the end of today's show, so we'll leave you with today's top tip for learning vocabulary, which is, Finn...

资配易希望大家在家里也能学到。我们的节目接近尾声了,所以我们来教给大家今日最佳词汇学习技巧,那就是,Finn……

Finn: To help you remember how to use adjectives and adverbs, it's a really good idea to write down example sentences.

资配易为了有助于记住形容词和副词的使用方法,最好是把例句写下来。

资配易Alice: That's right. Example sentences will help you use words more accurately than if you just note down the word with a translation.

资配易没错。比起只记下单词及其释义而言,记例句更有用处。

Finn: And there's more about this on bbclearningenglish.com. Join us again for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.

BBC英语学习频道上还有更多类似内容。下期节目再见。

Both: Bye!

再见!

Points:

知识点

Adjectives: Adjectives are words that describe nouns.

资配易形容词:修饰名词的词。

Scruffy: not neat or clean

邋遢的:不整洁的或不干净的。

Example: He's wearing a scruffy old t-shirt.

例:他穿着一件破旧的t恤。

Casual: informal and comfortable

随意的:不正式的,舒适的。

资配易Example: I like to wear casual clothes when I'm relaxing at home.

例:我在家放松时喜欢穿得随意一点。

资配易Smart: neat and stylish

漂亮的:整洁的,时髦的。

资配易Example: Stuart looks very smart in his new shirt and tie.

资配易例:斯图尔特穿新衬衫打领带看起来很帅。

Formal: serious, important clothes for special events, for example, weddings

资配易正式的:庄重的,特殊场合的重要服装,例如婚礼

Example: You must wear a formal suit for the interview.

例:你去面试一定要穿西装。

Fashionable: new and popular

时髦的:新颖的,流行的

Example: Stripy trousers were fashionable a few years ago.

例:几年前条纹裤很流行。

资配易Adverbs: Adverbs are words that describe verbs.

副词:修饰动词的词。

Scruffily

邋遢地

资配易He dressed scruffily in an old t-shirt.

他穿着一件旧t恤,很邋遢。

Casually

随意地

I dress casually when I relax at home.

我在家放松时穿着很随意。

Smartly

漂亮地

资配易Dave's smartly dressed today in a new shirt and tie.

资配易戴夫今天穿了一件新衬衫,打了一条领带,真是帅极了。

Formally

正式地

Everyone will dress formally at the wedding.

资配易婚礼上每个人都穿得很正式。

Fashionably

赶时髦地

资配易Sarah was fashionably dressed in a blue coat. 

萨拉穿着一件时髦的蓝色外套。

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