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BBC六分钟词汇基础篇05: 双名词组

kira86 于2020-07-15发布
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本期BBC六分钟单词学习的内容是双名词组,以及说英语的人喜欢在日常英语中使用这些简短而甜蜜的短语。我们来看看都有哪些双名词组以及它们的含义和用法。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

Binomials

双名词组

资配易Finn: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary with me Finn...

大家好,欢迎来到6分钟单词,我是Finn……

Alice: And me Alice. And today's show is all about binomials.

资配易我是Alice。我们今天的学习内容是双名词组。

资配易Finn: Or as some call them, binomials. Yes, those short and sweet phrases English speakers love to use in everyday English. We'll look at what binomials are, what they mean and how to use them.

资配易或者像某些人所称的双名词组。是的,说英语的人喜欢在日常英语中使用这些简短而甜蜜的短语。我们来看看都有哪些双名词组以及它们的含义和用法。

资配易Alice: There'll be a cheap and cheerful quiz...

还将会有一个轻松愉快的小测验……

资配易Finn: And we'll leave you with a quick and dirty tip for learning vocabulary.

资配易我们还会教给大家一个学习单词的小窍门。

Alice: So: to start off, let's listen to Charlie and his mum talking about football practice.

那么,我们首先来听一听Charlie和他妈妈关于足球练习的对话。

Finn: Here's a question to think about while you listen: what's a good treatment for aches and pains?

听的过程中思考一个问题:什么是治疗疼痛的好方法?

资配易Alice: What's good for aches and pains? Let's find out.

这种方法是什么呢?我们一起寻找答案吧。

INSERT: Mum: Hello, love. How was practice today?

嗨,亲爱的,今天的训练怎么样?

Charlie: Horrible. I hate football.

糟糕透顶,我讨厌足球。

Mum: Oh dear. Why's that?

噢,亲爱的。为什么这么说?

资配易Charlie: I'm sick and tired of being in goal. Look at these bruises - I'm black and blue.

我厌倦一直练习射门了。看这些瘀伤——我浑身青一块紫一块的。

Mum: Let's have a look...oh yes love, why don't you jump in the bath? Warm water's very good for aches and pains.

我来看看…噢,还真的是,亲爱的,你为什么不去洗个澡呢?温水对缓解疼痛很有帮助。

资配易Finn: So, that's Charlie and his mum. And we asked you: what's good for aches and pains?

资配易好了,以上就是Charlie母子的对话。问题来了:什么有助于缓解疼痛?

Alice: And Charlie's mum says the answer is: a warm bath.

Charlie母亲说的是:一个热水澡。

资配易Finn: That's right. And the phrase aches and pains is our first binomial.

没错。Aches and pains这个词组就是我们第一个要学的双名词组。

资配易Alice: Now binomials are short English phrases made of two words that go together - and the two words are often joined with and. Like aches and pains. Which means: general pains in the body, that usually aren't serious.

资配易双名词组是由两个单词组成的英语短语——两个单词之间常以and作为连接词。比如aches and pains. 它的意思是:身上的一般性疼痛,通常并不严重。

Finn: Ok: now it's important to remember that binomials are always fixed: you can't change anything about them. You can't say pains and aches. You can't say aches and hurts and you can't say hurts and pains. So, Alice: Do you suffer from aches and pains?

重要的是,要记住双名词组是固定搭配:不能对其作任何修改。不能说pains and aches,也不能说aches and hurts,更不能说hurts and pains. 那么Alice:你感到身上疼痛吗?

资配易Alice: Sometimes Finn, when you're around. Anyway, poor Charlie said he was black and blue. He's talking about the bruises on his body he got from playing football.

有时候会,也就是你在旁边的时候会。不管怎么说,Charlie够可怜的,浑身青一块紫一块。他所说的是他踢足球惹来的满身淤青。

Finn: Black and blue? Must have been a tough game...?

遍体鳞伤?那肯定是一场激烈的比赛吧….?

Alice: Yes, no wonder Charlie said he's sick and tired of football.

是啊,也难怪Charlie会说对足球感到十分厌烦。

Finn: Sick and tired. It means really fed up and bored with something. And remember, we can't say tired and sick.

Sick and tired指的是真的对某事很厌烦。记住,这个表达不能说成say tired and sick.

Alice: We can't say sick and bored either. What are you sick and tired of at the moment Finn?

资配易也不能说sick and bored 。你现在讨厌什么呢,Finn?

Finn: I'm sick and tired of commuting: travelling to work. It took me about an hour this morning.

资配易我厌烦了每天的通勤:上班路上。我今天早上差不多花了一个小时才到公司。

Alice: That's a really long time.

那确实是很长时间了。

资配易Finn: And another binomial: bit by bit - this time, the word in the middle is by instead of and.

资配易另一个双名词组bit by bit(一点一点地)的中间连接词不是and而是by。

You're listening to bbclearningenglish.com.

你正在收听的是BBC英语学习频道。

Finn: And we're talking about binomials. And if you were listening carefully at the beginning of the show you might have noticed that we used a couple of binomials right at the start. Short and sweet was one of them - it means simple, quick and useful.

我们正在学双名词组。如果你一开始仔细听讲了就会发现我们用了好几个双名词组。其中一个是short and sweet——意思是简单,快捷,有用的。

Alice: Short and sweet or: quick and dirty. That's another binomial with a similar meaning: quick and dirty means simple, short and basic.

Short and sweet的另一个同义词是quick and dirty。后者的意思是简单,简短和基础的。

资配易Finn: And another similar one is: cheap and cheerful.

另一个意思相近的词是cheap and cheerful(物美价廉的)

Alice: So, three binomials there you can use to describe something as quick, simple and basic.

也就是说,有三个词可以用来表示快速,简单和基础的。

Finn: Now let's hear today's expressions again.

我们再来听听今天学到的表达。

资配易Alice: Aches and pains.

周身疼痛。

资配易Finn: It describes body pains that aren't serious.

资配易Aches and pains意为并不严重的身体疼痛。

资配易Alice: Sick and tired.

十分厌烦

资配易Finn: Fed up, bored and angry.

资配易Sick and tired意为感到厌烦的,无聊的,生气的。

Alice: Bit by bit.

一点一点地。

资配易Finn: To describe slow change. And to say something is simple, short and basic we had three binomials:

Bit by bit用于表示缓慢变化。还有三个表示快速,简单和基础的双名词组:

Alice: Short and sweet; quick and dirty; cheap and cheerful.

资配易简洁明了;粗制滥造;物美价廉。

资配易Finn: Thank you Alice: And now it's quiz time. Number 1. Choose the correct answer: I'm learning French. It's difficult, but I'm getting better a) bit by bit b) bit by little c) bit and bit.

资配易谢谢Alice. 现在是测验时间。第一题,选出正确答案:我正在学法语,虽然很难,但我正…变好。

Alice: And the answer is: a) bit by bit.

答案是a)bit by bit(一点一点)

Finn: Number 2. Sarah fell over and hit her eye yesterday. Today it's a) blue and black b) black and blue c) black and white.

第二题,Sarah昨天摔了一跤,把眼睛弄伤了。今天她的眼睛……

资配易Alice: And the answer is: b) black and blue.

资配易答案是b)black and blue(青一块紫一块)

资配易Finn: Ouch. And finally, number 3. At only one minute long, the presentation was a) sweet and short b) cheerful and cheap or c) quick and dirty.

哎哟。最后一题,这份报告只有一分钟时间的长度,真是……

Alice: And the answer is: c) quick and dirty.

资配易答案是c)quick and dirty(粗制滥造)

Finn: And that brings us almost to the end of the programme.

我们的节目又接近尾声了。

Alice: But before we go, here's a cheap and cheerful tip for remembering vocabulary: play games. Making and playing a simple card game where you match up the beginning and ends of binomials will really help you to remember them.

资配易结束之前,教给大家一个记忆单词的简单实用的窍门:玩游戏。做一些纸牌,玩一玩简单的纸牌游戏,将双名词组的头尾单词拼接起来,这有助于记忆这些词组。

资配易Finn: That's right. And there's more about this at BBC Learning English dot com. Join us again for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.

是的。更多内容尽在BBC英语学习网站,下期节目再见。

Both: Goodbye!

再见!

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