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BBC六分钟词汇: -ing和-ed后缀结尾的形容词

kira86 于2020-07-16发布
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在本期BBC六分钟单词节目中,我们将学习以后缀-ing和-ed结尾的形容词。
    小E英语欢迎您,请点击播放按钮开始播放……

-ing and -ed adjectives

资配易-ing后缀和-ed后缀结尾的形容词

Finn: Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Vocabulary. I'm Finn...

资配易大家好,欢迎来到6分钟单词,我是Finn……

Catherine: And I'm Catherine. In today's programme we're going to look at i-n-g and e-d adjectives.

我是Catherine. 在今天的节目中,我们将学习i-n-g和e-d形容词。

资配易Finn: So if you're interested in vocabulary, but you find some adjectives confusing, keep listening...

如果你对词汇感兴趣,但你发现一些形容词令人困惑,请继续听下去……

Catherine: Yes, keep listening, and it's on with the show! I must say Finn, you're looking very relaxed today.

是的,继续听,节目开始了!Finn,我得说你今天看起来很放松。

资配易Finn: That's because I was on holiday last week. It was very relaxing. Speaking of holidays, here are two people who had a bad time on holiday. What went wrong?

那是因为我上周休假了。假期我过得非常放松。说到假期,这里有两个在假期过得很糟糕的人。到底是哪里出了错?

INSERT: Man: The train was horrible. Big gangs of teenagers playing music on their phones - I got very annoyed.

这列火车太糟糕了。一大群年轻人用手机放着音乐——把我烦死了。

资配易Woman: The flight was delayed and we had ten really boring hours in the airport with nothing to do.

资配易航班延误了,我们在机场里无事可做,干等了十个小时,真是无聊透顶。

资配易Catherine: Not much fun, eh? So, the man was annoyed, or angry, about teenagers playing music. And the woman had a long and boring wait in the airport.

没什么意思,是吧?所以,这个人对青少年演奏音乐很生气。那位女士在机场等了很久,很无聊。

资配易Finn: So let's have a closer look. Here's the woman again.

那么我们再来仔细看一下。还是那位女士。

资配易Woman: The flight was delayed and we had ten really boring hours in the airport with nothing to do.

资配易航班延误了,我们在机场里无事可做,干等了十个小时,真是无聊透顶。

资配易Finn: Now adjectives ending with i-n-g, like boring, usually describe things or events that make us have a particular feeling.

资配易以“i-n-g”结尾的形容词,比如“令人厌烦的”,通常用来描述使我们产生某种特殊感觉的事物或事件。

Catherine: That's right, and in the example, boring describes all those hours and hours in the airport. Ten long, boring hours. Sound familiar Finn?

没错,在这个例子中,boring这个词描述了在机场的所有时间。十个漫长而无聊的小时。这听起来是不是很熟悉,Finn?

资配易Finn: That sounds very familiar, yes.

没错,听着耳熟。

Catherine: And there are lots of i-n-g adjectives we can use to describe things or events. We can talk about a confusing problem, a surprising piece of news or an exciting film with lots of action. Finn, what's the most exciting film you have ever seen?

有很多i-n-g的形容词都可以用来描述事物或事件。我们可以谈论一个令人困惑的问题,一条令人惊讶的新闻,或者一部有很多动作的激动人心的电影。Finn,你看过的最激动人心的电影是什么?

资配易Rob: So many exciting films. But the first one I can think of is Gravity. In space. Very exciting. Ok Catherine, what is your idea of a relaxing holiday?

那可太多了。但我第一个想到的是《重力》这部电影。它讲述的是太空故事,很刺激。那么Catherine,你觉得一个放松的假期是什么样的?

资配易Catherine: I do like to be beside the seaside, Finn. Now let's look at e-d adjectives. We're going to hear from a woman who got a very cheap holiday. What e-d adjective does she use?

我喜欢去海边。我们现在来看看e-d结尾的形容词。我们将听到一位女士的陈述,她得到了便宜度假的机会。她用了哪些e-d结尾的形容词?

资配易INSERT: We got a great deal. I was surprised at how cheap it was.

资配易我们这笔交易太值了。便宜到让我震惊。

资配易Catherine: We use e-d adjectives to say how we feel about something. In our example, the adjective surprised describes how the woman feels about the price.

我们用e-d形容词来表达我们对某事的感觉。在我们的例子中,形容词surprised用来描述这位女士对价格的感受。

REPEAT INSERT: We got a great deal. I was surprised at how cheap it was.

我们这笔交易太值了。便宜到让我震惊。

Catherine: She didn't expect it to be so cheap!

她没有想到这么便宜!

Finn: That's right. If I say: I get annoyed by loud music, the word annoyed describes my feelings about the music. The music is annoying, and I feel annoyed.

资配易没错。如果我说:我很烦大声的音乐。Annoyed这个词描述的是我对音乐的感受。这种音乐让人感到烦躁,而我烦这种音乐。

资配易Catherine: And if I say: long lectures make me bored, the word bored describes my feelings about the lecture. The lecture is boring, and I feel bored. So, Finn, what makes you bored?

如果我说:冗长的演讲让我感到无聊,无聊这个词描述的是我对演讲的感觉。演讲很无聊,我觉得很无聊。那么,Finn,什么会让你觉得无聊呢?

资配易Finn: I never feel bored.

我从不觉得无聊。

资配易Catherine: Yes, you do.

不,你撒谎。

Finn: Ok, when I'm travelling to work. A long commute is very boring and it makes me feel bored.

好吧,那就是我上班路上那一长段无聊时光让我觉得无聊。

资配易Catherine: Me too. And a word of warning here: don't confuse bored and boring - because if you say I'm very boring, you're actually saying that you make other people feel bored!

资配易我也是。在这里提个醒:切勿混淆bored和boring这两个词。因为如果你说我真是让人感到无聊( I'm very boring),那就表示别人看到你会觉得无聊!

资配易Finn: And you don't want that.

谁也不想这样。

资配易You're listening to BBC Learning English.

你正在收听的是BBC英语学习频道。

资配易Finn: And it's time for a quiz. Listen to these sentences and choose whether they need an i-n-g or e-d adjective. Catherine will tell you the answers. Ready? Number one: 'I enjoy taking long hot baths. They make me feel really...' a) relaxed or b) relaxing?

资配易是时候做个小测验了。听下列句子,选择它们需要的形容词是i-n-g结尾还是e-d结尾。Catherine会公布答案。准备好了吗?第一题:“我喜欢泡个热水澡。它们让我感觉真的……

Catherine: Now Finn, you're describing your feeling, so it's a) relaxed.

资配易Finn,你是在描述你的主观感受,所以该选a)relaxed.(放松的)

资配易Finn: That's right: they make me relaxed. Number two: 'The discovery of life on Mars would be ...' a) surprised or b) surprising?

资配易没错:热水澡让我感觉很放松。第二题:火星上发现生命迹象将会……

资配易Catherine: We're talking about a discovery, which is a thing, so it's b) surprising.

我们所说的是某种发现,属于一种事物,所以选b)surprising让人惊讶的。

Finn: And the last one: 'Those students are very ...' a) annoying or b) annoyed?

最后一题:那些学生非常……

资配易Catherine: And this one is a trick question, because both of them are possible: Those students are very annoying is correct if we are describing the students. But Those students are very annoyed is what we say if we are talking about the students' feelings.

这是一个很难回答的问题,因为这两个都是可能的:,如果我们描述的是学生,这些学生很烦人(Those students are very annoying),这是正确的。但是如果我们谈论学生的感受时,就可以说那些学生感到很烦(Those students are very annoyed)

Finn: That's right, both are possible. And that brings us almost to the end of the show. But before we go, here's today's top tip for learning vocabulary: i-n-g and e-d adjectives are easy to confuse, so write down pairs of example sentences in your notebook.

资配易没错,两个答案都有可能是对的。我们的节目接近尾声了,但在结束前,我们教给大家一个学习单词的窍门:ing和ed结尾的形容词很容易混淆,所以要在笔记本上多写几个例句。

Catherine: Very good. And remember there's more about this at BBC Learning English dot com. Join us again for more 6 Minute Vocabulary.

很好。别忘了登陆BBC英语网站学习更多。下期节目再见。

Both: Bye!

再见!

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